The distribution of diatom assemblages with the effects of environmental parameters and ecological status assessment based on diatom indices in the lentic systems of the Akarçay and Asi Basins (Türkiye)

Environ Monit Assess. 2023 Sep 12;195(10):1189. doi: 10.1007/s10661-023-11840-3.


In order to detect the effects of different stressors on the littoral diatom assemblages and biodiversity of the lentic systems in two different basins in Türkiye, 15 lentic systems in the Akarçay and Asi basins were sampled three times (spring, summer, and fall) for littoral diatoms and environmental variables. The biological assessment of these sites was also evaluated using 9 different river and lake diatom indices. Based on the total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), electrical conductivity (EC), salinity (SAL) values, and dominant diatom species, three lentic systems in Akarçay Basin (Lake Eber, 26 Ağustos Pond, and Lake Karamık) were more eutrophic and under the pressure of anthropogenic and climatic (precipitation) stressors. Trophic diatom index for lakes (TDIL) showed a higher correlation with TN and TP and was the most effective index in explaining ecological quality in 15 lentic systems. The species richness of diatoms was also negatively affected by EC and SAL values. The lentic systems of the two basins were separated from each other based on the species composition and the distribution of the dominant species with the effect of altitude (ALT). Considering the distribution of diatom assemblage of the lentic systems in these two basins, anthropogenic, climatic, and geographical factors have become prominent to shape the diatom community structure.

Keywords: Akarçay basin; Asi basin; Diatoms; Lakes; Ponds.

MeSH terms

  • Altitude
  • Biodiversity
  • Diatoms*
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus


  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus