The advent of portable, low-field MRI (LF-MRI) heralds new opportunities in neuroimaging. Low power requirements and transportability have enabled scanning outside the controlled environment of a conventional MRI suite, enhancing access to neuroimaging for indications that are not well suited to existing technologies. Maximizing the information extracted from the reduced signal-to-noise ratio of LF-MRI is crucial to developing clinically useful diagnostic images. Progress in electromagnetic noise cancellation and machine learning reconstruction algorithms from sparse k-space data as well as new approaches to image enhancement have now enabled these advancements. Coupling technological innovation with bedside imaging creates new prospects in visualizing the healthy brain and detecting acute and chronic pathological changes. Ongoing development of hardware, improvements in pulse sequences and image reconstruction, and validation of clinical utility will continue to accelerate this field. As further innovation occurs, portable LF-MRI will facilitate the democratization of MRI and create new applications not previously feasible with conventional systems.