Near-perfect wide-band absorbers based on one-dimensional photonic crystal structures in 1-20 THz frequencies

Appl Opt. 2023 May 10;62(14):3660-3671. doi: 10.1364/AO.484617.


This paper investigates the absorption behavior of one-dimensional (1D) photonic crystal (PhC) structures in the 1-20 THz region. The structures are analyzed by the transfer matrix method to achieve accurate results quickly with ordinary simulation facilities. The simulation results indicate a strong dependence of the absorber performance on the thickness and material of the PhC layers, as well as the frequency and angle of incident light. The combination of silica and titanium (Ti) materials as dielectric and metal layers presents a great choice for broadband high-absorption applications so that this structure can absorb, on average, more than 80% of the normal incident radiation in the studied frequency range. Additionally, this absorber has the lowest dependence on incident light with the angle varying from 0° to 80° compared to identical absorbers with silver, aluminum, gold, chromium, nickel, and tungsten metals. The excellent absorption feature of the Ti-based absorber compared to the other absorbers is attributed to the lower permittivity of Ti (in both real and imaginary parts) in comparison with the other metals. In addition to owning simple and fabrication-friendly structures, 1D PhCs can pave the way to achieve various absorption spectra proportional to the needs of photonics, communications, and aerospace applications.