IV Versus Myelography Computed Tomography for Thoracolumbar Intervertebral Disc Extrusion Surgical Planning in French Bulldogs

J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2023 Sep 1;59(5):207-213. doi: 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-7318.

Abstract

Accurate diagnostic imaging is required for surgical planning of acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion. However, data comparing the accuracy of conventional IV contrast-injected computed tomography (CT) and myelography CT for hemilaminectomy localization and size assessment are sparse. In this study, IV contrast-injected CT and myelography CT were performed in 48 French bulldogs presenting with acute disc herniation and compared with postsurgical CT. CT images were evaluated by three raters. IV contrast-injected CT erroneously identified the compressive lesion site significantly more often than myelography CT. The length of the compressive lesion was significantly higher using myelography CT compared with conventional CT, but this did not lead to relevant consequences on the surgical opening site length. Myelography CT should therefore be recommended when thoracolumbar disc disease is suspected and multiple compressive lesions are visualized on IV-injected CT in French bulldogs.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases* / diagnostic imaging
  • Dog Diseases* / surgery
  • Dogs
  • Intervertebral Disc Displacement* / diagnostic imaging
  • Intervertebral Disc Displacement* / surgery
  • Intervertebral Disc Displacement* / veterinary
  • Intervertebral Disc*
  • Laminectomy / veterinary
  • Myelography / veterinary
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / veterinary