Glioma genetic profiles associated with electrophysiologic hyperexcitability

Neuro Oncol. 2024 Feb 2;26(2):323-334. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/noad176.


Background: Distinct genetic alterations determine glioma aggressiveness, however, the diversity of somatic mutations contributing to peritumoral hyperexcitability and seizures over the course of the disease is uncertain. This study aimed to identify tumor somatic mutation profiles associated with clinically significant hyperexcitability.

Methods: A single center cohort of adults with WHO grades 1-4 glioma and targeted exome sequencing (n = 1716) was analyzed and cross-referenced with a validated EEG database to identify the subset of individuals who underwent continuous EEG monitoring (n = 206). Hyperexcitability was defined by the presence of lateralized periodic discharges and/or electrographic seizures. Cross-validated discriminant analysis models trained exclusively on recurrent somatic mutations were used to identify variants associated with hyperexcitability.

Results: The distribution of WHO grades and tumor mutational burdens were similar between patients with and without hyperexcitability. Discriminant analysis models classified the presence or absence of EEG hyperexcitability with an overall accuracy of 70.9%, regardless of IDH1 R132H inclusion. Predictive variants included nonsense mutations in ATRX and TP53, indel mutations in RBBP8 and CREBBP, and nonsynonymous missense mutations with predicted damaging consequences in EGFR, KRAS, PIK3CA, TP53, and USP28. This profile improved estimates of hyperexcitability in a multivariate analysis controlling for age, sex, tumor location, integrated pathologic diagnosis, recurrence status, and preoperative epilepsy. Predicted somatic mutation variants were over-represented in patients with hyperexcitability compared to individuals without hyperexcitability and those who did not undergo continuous EEG.

Conclusion: These findings implicate diverse glioma somatic mutations in cancer genes associated with peritumoral hyperexcitability. Tumor genetic profiling may facilitate glioma-related epilepsy prognostication and management.

Keywords: brain tumor; electroencephalography; epilepsy; glioma; somatic mutation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Epilepsy*
  • Genetic Profile
  • Glioma* / pathology
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Seizures
  • Ubiquitin Thiolesterase / genetics


  • USP28 protein, human
  • Ubiquitin Thiolesterase