Valorization of onion peel waste: From trash to treasure

Chemosphere. 2023 Dec:343:140178. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.140178. Epub 2023 Sep 13.


Globally, fruits and vegetables are consumed as raw, processed, or as an additive, accounting for approximately 50% of total food wastage. Among the fruits and vegetables, onion is well known for its potential bioactive components; however, peels of onion are a major concern for the environmental health and food industries. Effective utilization methods for valorizing the onion peel should be needed to develop value-added products, which are more eco-friendly, cost-effective, and sustainable. Therefore, this review attempts to emphasize the conventional and emerging valorization techniques for onion peel waste to generate value-added products. Several vital applications including anticancerous, antiobesity, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory activities are thoroughly discussed. The findings showed that the use of advanced technologies like ultrasound-assisted extraction, microwave-assisted extraction, and enzymatic extraction, demonstrated improved extraction efficiency and higher yield of bioactive compounds, which showed the anticancerous, antiobesity, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, in-depth studies are recommended to elucidate the mechanisms of action and potential synergistic effects of the bioactive compounds derived from onion peel waste, and to promote the sustainable utilization of onion peel waste in the long-term.

Keywords: Bioactivity; Biofuel production; Food product formulations; Onion peel waste; Valorization strategies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Food Industry
  • Fruit
  • Onions*
  • Vegetables


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents