Psoriasis, a chronic and systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by activation of the interleukin (IL)-23/IL-17 axis, may be associated with the intestinal microbiota through the so-called "gut-skin axis." Clusterin is a glycoprotein ubiquitously distributed in mammalian tissues; however, its role in psoriasis is unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the role of clusterin in psoriatic skin inflammation, systemic inflammation, and colitis using a murine model of IMQ-induced psoriasis. In IMQ-treated clusterin-knockout (clusterin-/-) mice, the expressions of inflammatory cytokines in clusterin-silenced human keratinocytes and intestinal microbial composition were analyzed. We also examined clusterin expression in the skin tissues of patients with psoriasis. IMQ-induced psoriatic skin inflammation is suppressed in clusterin-/- mice. Long-term administration of IMQ induced systemic inflammation and colitis; however, both were alleviated by the genetic deletion of clusterin. Genetic silencing of clusterin in human keratinocytes inhibited the production of inflammatory cytokines involved in the initiation and progression of psoriasis. The composition of the intestinal microbiota in IMQ-treated clusterin-/- and wild-type mice was different. Genetic deletion of clusterin suppressed the increase in the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio. Skin tissues of patients with psoriasis showed high clusterin expression. In conclusion, inhibition of clusterin decreased psoriatic skin inflammation, systemic inflammation, colitis, and altered the F/B ratio in an IMQ-induced murine psoriasis model.
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