Human monocytes and lymphocytes produce different mixtures of alpha-interferon subtypes

J Interferon Res. 1986 Aug;6(4):323-9. doi: 10.1089/jir.1986.6.323.


alpha-Interferon (IFN-alpha) was produced by either peripheral blood lymphocytes or by monocytes and purified by an anti-IFN-alpha affinity column. When these preparations were analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC, a difference in the distribution of IFN-alpha subtypes from the two cell types was found. While the two major subtypes of IFN from induced lymphocytes had apparent molecular weights of 20K and 21K, monocytes produce an additional subtype of molecular weight 26K in large quantities (50%). This subtype had greater activity on human cells than on bovine cells in comparison to other IFN-alpha subtypes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cell Line
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral / drug effects
  • Depression, Chemical
  • Humans
  • Interferon Type I / biosynthesis
  • Interferon Type I / classification*
  • Interferon Type I / pharmacology
  • Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • Molecular Weight
  • Monocytes / metabolism*


  • Interferon Type I