Apical polarity and actomyosin dynamics control Kibra subcellular localization and function in Drosophila Hippo signaling

Dev Cell. 2023 Oct 9;58(19):1864-1879.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2023.08.029. Epub 2023 Sep 19.


The Hippo pathway is an evolutionarily conserved regulator of tissue growth that integrates inputs from both polarity and actomyosin networks. An upstream activator of the Hippo pathway, Kibra, localizes at the junctional and medial regions of the apical cortex in epithelial cells, and medial accumulation promotes Kibra activity. Here, we demonstrate that cortical Kibra distribution is controlled by a tug-of-war between apical polarity and actomyosin dynamics. We show that while the apical polarity network, in part via atypical protein kinase C (aPKC), tethers Kibra at the junctional cortex to silence its activity, medial actomyosin flows promote Kibra-mediated Hippo complex formation at the medial cortex, thereby activating the Hippo pathway. This study provides a mechanistic understanding of the relationship between the Hippo pathway, polarity, and actomyosin cytoskeleton, and it offers novel insights into how fundamental features of epithelial tissue architecture can serve as inputs into signaling cascades that control tissue growth, patterning, and morphogenesis.

Keywords: Hippo pathway; Kibra; actomyosin; epithelia; polarity; tissue growth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Actomyosin / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Polarity
  • Drosophila / metabolism
  • Drosophila Proteins* / metabolism
  • Hippo Signaling Pathway*
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction


  • Actomyosin
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • kibra protein, Drosophila