CRISPR genetic toolkits of classical food microorganisms: Current state and future prospects

Biotechnol Adv. 2023 Dec:69:108261. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2023.108261. Epub 2023 Sep 21.


Production of food-related products using microorganisms in an environmentally friendly manner is a crucial solution to global food safety and environmental pollution issues. Traditional microbial modification methods rely on artificial selection or natural mutations, which require time for repeated screening and reproduction, leading to unstable results. Therefore, it is imperative to develop rapid, efficient, and precise microbial modification technologies. This review summarizes recent advances in the construction of gene editing and metabolic regulation toolkits based on the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR-associated proteins (CRISPR-Cas) systems and their applications in reconstructing food microorganism metabolic networks. The development and application of gene editing toolkits from single-site gene editing to multi-site and genome-scale gene editing was also introduced. Moreover, it presented a detailed introduction to CRISPR interference, CRISPR activation, and logic circuit toolkits for metabolic network regulation. Moreover, the current challenges and future prospects for developing CRISPR genetic toolkits were also discussed.

Keywords: Bacillus subtilis; CRISPR/Cas; Corynebacterium glutamicum; Food microorganisms; Genome reconstruction; Lactic acid bacteria; Metabolic regulation; Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gene editing.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • CRISPR-Cas Systems* / genetics
  • Food
  • Gene Editing* / methods