Complications of Silicone Fillers in Gluteal Augmentation: An Unusual Case of Filler Migration and Granuloma Formation

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2023 Sep 21;11(9):e5277. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000005277. eCollection 2023 Sep.


Silicone liquid (polydimethylsiloxane) is an inert material commonly used for cosmetic purposes. A combination of both systematic and local devastating complications can cause end-organ toxicity and multi-organ dysfunction. In this article, we examine the literature and present a case of a patient who presented with lower extremity filler migration and granuloma formation 11 years post gluteal silicone injection. A 31-year-old woman who had received a gluteal silicone injection 11 years ago was experiencing painful erythema, progressive fibrosis, and swelling as the result of the injection. The patient was diagnosed with postfiller autoimmune syndrome. Multiple surgical interventions were conducted to remove the permanent filler from her left knee. As a result of multiple surgical sessions, the patient has been managed successfully with no relapses. This case demonstrated complications of an unusual silicone injection technique for gluteal augmentation. Despite silicone being considered inert, complications can arise years after injection, necessitating extensive medical intervention. This case also raises questions regarding the systemic effects of silicone fillers, warranting further research. Through this report, we aimed to enhance awareness and management of similar future cases.

Publication types

  • Case Reports