Psychopathology in opioid addicts

Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1986 Sep;9(3):515-32.


Psychopathology has been assessed in opiate addicts using both symptom rating scales and diagnostic impressions. The authors present a study of diagnoses among 533 addicts seeking treatment and show high rates of depression, alcoholism, and antisocial personality disorder. Depressive disorders are associated with poor social functioning in a wide variety of areas. The longitudinal course of depression in addicts is to generally resolve within 6 months without specific treatments, with only 2 per cent of addicts being currently depressed at both intake and 6-month follow-up. The high prevalence (74 per cent lifetime rate of affective disorders in addicts) and transient nature of affective disorders among addicts suggests that short-term crisis treatments to deal with their large number of recent life events would be helpful.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder / diagnosis
  • Borderline Personality Disorder / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / complications*
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Mental Disorders / therapy
  • Narcissism
  • Opioid-Related Disorders / complications*
  • Opioid-Related Disorders / psychology
  • Personality Disorders / psychology