Achromatopsia Showing Compound Heterozygous Mutations in ATF6 by Whole Exome Sequencing: A Rare Case Report

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2023 Sep-Oct;60(5):e65-e69. doi: 10.3928/01913913-20230814-02. Epub 2023 Sep 1.


Achromatopsia, inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, is a rare condition featured by dysfunction of cone photoreceptors responsible for high-acuity vision in daylight. To date, its pathogenesis and genetic mechanism are still not well defined due to the rarity of cases. In this study, the authors describe a patient with achromatopsia who was diagnosed based on the combination of whole exome sequencing, ocular examination, fundus photography, and fundus fluorescein angiography. A 1-year-old girl presented due to absence of the foveal reflex, severe photophobia, and pigment mottling. Fundus photography and fundus fluorescein angiography were performed on admission. Blood samples were extracted from the proband and her parents. Whole exome sequencing detected two ATF6 variants (c.533C>A and c.82+1G>T), which were confirmed through Sanger sequencing. According to the American College of Medical Genetics guidelines, both c.533C>A and c.82+1G>T variants in ATF6 were predicted as pathogenic mutations (PVS1, PM2, PM3). The patient was diagnosed as having achromatopsia with pathogenicity of ATF6 variants (c.533C>A and c.82+1G>T). [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2023;60(5):e65-e69.].

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Activating Transcription Factor 6 / genetics
  • Color Vision Defects* / diagnosis
  • Color Vision Defects* / genetics
  • Exome Sequencing
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Mutation
  • Pedigree
  • Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells / pathology


  • ATF6 protein, human
  • Activating Transcription Factor 6

Supplementary concepts

  • Achromatopsia 3