Acute and chronic venous occlusion

Br J Radiol. 2023 Nov;96(1151):20230242. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20230242. Epub 2023 Oct 3.


This review article provides an overview of acute and chronic venous occlusion, a condition that can cause significant morbidity and mortality if not diagnosed and treated promptly. The article begins with an introduction to the anatomy of the venous system, followed by a discussion of the causes and clinical features of venous occlusion. The diagnostic tools available for the assessment of venous occlusion, including imaging modalities such as ultrasound, CT, and MRI, are then discussed, along with their respective advantages and limitations. The article also covers the treatment options for acute and chronic venous occlusion, including anticoagulant therapy and endovascular interventions. This review aims to provide radiologists with an updated understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of acute and chronic venous occlusion.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anticoagulants
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Vascular Diseases* / diagnostic imaging
  • Vascular Diseases* / therapy
  • Veins*


  • Anticoagulants