Does distal interphalangeal joint arthrodesis affect proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty outcomes in the same finger?

J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2023 Nov;48(10):1056-1061. doi: 10.1177/17531934231191255. Epub 2023 Sep 26.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyse the 1-year outcomes after combining a surface replacing proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty and a distal interphalangeal screw arthrodesis and to compare the combined surgery with proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty alone. To obtain two groups with similar baseline data from our prospective registry, propensity score matching was used to match 23 fingers with the combined operations with 115 fingers with proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty alone. One year after surgery, the mean ranges of motion were 60° (95% CI: 53° to 67°) in the combined group and 63° (95% CI: 60° to 66°) in the control group and did not differ significantly. Grip strength, the brief Michigan Hand Questionnaire and pain also did not differ between the groups 1 year after surgery. All the proximal interphalangeal implants in patients treated with a distal interphalangeal screw arthrodesis remained in situ. Combining proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty with distal interphalangeal arthrodesis leads to 1-year outcomes that are similar to those achieved by proximal interphalangeal joint replacement alone.Level of evidence: III.

Keywords: Finger joint; distal interphalangeal joint fusion; finger implant; joint replacement; osteoarthritis.

MeSH terms

  • Arthrodesis
  • Arthroplasty
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Finger* / adverse effects
  • Finger Joint / surgery
  • Humans
  • Joint Prosthesis*
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Treatment Outcome