Femoral Structure and Biomechanical Characteristics in Sanfilippo Syndrome Type-B Mice

Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Sep 12;24(18):13988. doi: 10.3390/ijms241813988.


Sanfilippo syndrome Type-B, also known as mucopolysaccharidosis IIIB (MPS IIIB), accounts for approximately one-third of all Sanfilippo syndrome patients and is characterized by a similar natural history as Type-A. Patients suffer from developmental regression, bone malformation, organomegaly, GI distress, and profound neurological deficits. Despite human trials of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) (SBC-103, AX250) in MPS IIIB, there is currently no FDA approved treatment and a few palliative options. The major concerns of ERT and gene therapy for the treatment of bone malformation are the inadequate biodistribution of the missing enzyme, N-acetyl-α-glucosaminidase (NAGLU), and that the skeleton is a poorly hit target tissue in ERT and gene therapy. Each of the four known human types of MPS III (A, B, C, and D) is usually regarded as having mild bone manifestations, yet it remains poorly characterized. This study aimed to determine bone mineral content (BMC), volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), and biomechanical properties in femurs MPS IIIB C57BL/6 mice compared to phenotypic control C57BL/6 mice. Significant differences were observed in MPS IIIB mice within various cortical and cancellous bone parameters for both males and females (p < 0.05). Here, we establish some osteogenic manifestations of MPS IIIB within the mouse model by radiographic and biomechanical tests, which are also differentially affected by age and sex. This suggests that some skeletal features of the MPS IIIB mouse model may be used as biomarkers of peripheral disease correction for preclinical treatment of MPS IIIB.

Keywords: MPS IIIB; Sanfilippo syndrome; bone; lysosomal storage disease; model.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylglucosaminidase
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Femur / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis III* / genetics
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Acetylglucosaminidase