Recent Advances and Challenges in Ti-Based Oxide Anodes for Superior Potassium Storage

Nanomaterials (Basel). 2023 Sep 11;13(18):2539. doi: 10.3390/nano13182539.

Abstract

Developing high-performance anodes is one of the most effective ways to improve the energy storage performances of potassium-ion batteries (PIBs). Among them, Ti-based oxides, including TiO2, K2Ti6O13, K2Ti4O9, K2Ti8O17, Li4Ti5O12, etc., as the intrinsic structural advantages, are of great interest for applications in PIBs. Despite numerous merits of Ti-based oxide anodes, such as fantastic chemical and thermal stability, a rich reserve of raw materials, non-toxic and environmentally friendly properties, etc., their poor electrical conductivity limits the energy storage applications in PIBs, which is the key challenge for these anodes. Although various modification projects are effectively used to improve their energy storage performances, there are still some related issues and problems that need to be addressed and solved. This review provides a comprehensive summary on the latest research progress of Ti-based oxide anodes for the application in PIBs. Besides the major impactful work and various performance improvement strategies, such as structural regulation, carbon modification, element doping, etc., some promising research directions, including effects of electrolytes and binders, MXene-derived TiO2-based anodes and application as a modifier, are outlined in this review. In addition, noteworthy research perspectives and future development challenges for Ti-based oxide anodes in PIBs are also proposed.

Keywords: Ti-based oxides; anodes; energy storage; intercalation type; potassium-ion batteries.

Publication types

  • Review