Availability of Physical Activity Tracking Data from Wearable Devices for Glaucoma Patients

Information (Basel). 2023 Sep;14(9):493. doi: 10.3390/info14090493. Epub 2023 Sep 7.

Abstract

Physical activity has been found to potentially modulate glaucoma risk, but the evidence remains inconclusive. The increasing use of wearable physical activity trackers may provide longitudinal and granular data suitable to address this issue, but little is known regarding the characteristics and availability of these data sources. We performed a scoping review and query of data sources on the availability of wearable physical activity data for glaucoma patients. Literature databases (PubMed and MEDLINE) were reviewed with search terms consisting of those related to physical activity trackers and those related to glaucoma, and we evaluated results at the intersection of these two groups. Biomedical databases were also reviewed, for which we completed database queries. We identified eight data sources containing physical activity tracking data for glaucoma, with two being large national databases (UK BioBank and All of Us) and six from individual journal articles providing participant-level information. The number of glaucoma patients with physical activity tracking data available, types of glaucoma-related data, fitness devices utilized, and diversity of participants varied across all sources. Overall, there were limited analyses of these data, suggesting the need for additional research to further investigate how physical activity may alter glaucoma risk.

Keywords: big data; data availability; exercise; fitness tracker; glaucoma; ophthalmology; physical activity; vision; wearables.