Injury patterns in nordic ski jumpers. A retrospective analysis of injuries occurring at the Intervale Ski Jump Complex from 1980 to 1985

Am J Sports Med. Sep-Oct 1986;14(5):393-7. doi: 10.1177/036354658601400511.

Abstract

No studies describing the types and frequencies of nordic ski jumping injuries have been reported in the medical literature. We examined records of injuries sustained at the Intervale Ski Jump Complex (15, 40, 70, and 90 meter jumps) in Lake Placid from 1980 to 1985. Forty-seven injured jumpers sustained 72 total injuries. The most frequent injuries were contusions. Fractures occurred in 11 jumpers; most were nondisplaced. Upper extremity fractures outnumbered lower extremity fractures. Injuries requiring hospitalization were uncommon; none of these resulted in permanent disability. Injury rates for non-World Cup and for World Cup competitions were 4.3 and 1.2 injuries per 1,000 skier-days, respectively. This is roughly equivalent to injury rates in alpine skiing. Our study suggests that the dangers of nordic ski jumping have been overestimated.

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Injuries / epidemiology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Contusions / epidemiology
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / epidemiology
  • Fractures, Bone / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Joint Dislocations / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • New York
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skiing*
  • Sprains and Strains / epidemiology