High resolution 0.5mm isotropic T1-weighted and diffusion tensor templates of the brain of non-demented older adults in a common space for the MIITRA atlas

Neuroimage. 2023 Nov 15:282:120387. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2023.120387. Epub 2023 Oct 1.


High quality, high resolution T1-weighted (T1w) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) brain templates located in a common space can enhance the sensitivity and precision of template-based neuroimaging studies. However, such multimodal templates have not been constructed for the older adult brain. The purpose of this work which is part of the MIITRA atlas project was twofold: (A) to develop 0.5 mm isotropic resolution T1w and DTI templates that are representative of the brain of non-demented older adults and are located in the same space, using advanced multimodal template construction techniques and principles of super resolution on data from a large, diverse, community cohort of 400 non-demented older adults, and (B) to systematically compare the new templates to other standardized templates. It was demonstrated that the new MIITRA-0.5mm T1w and DTI templates are well-matched in space, exhibit good definition of brain structures, including fine structures, exhibit higher image sharpness than other standardized templates, and are free of artifacts. The MIITRA-0.5mm T1w and DTI templates allowed higher intra-modality inter-subject spatial normalization precision as well as higher inter-modality intra-subject spatial matching of older adult T1w and DTI data compared to other available templates. Consequently, MIITRA-0.5mm templates allowed detection of smaller inter-group differences for older adult data compared to other templates. The MIITRA-0.5mm templates were also shown to be most representative of the brain of non-demented older adults compared to other templates with submillimeter resolution. The new templates constructed in this work constitute two of the final products of the MIITRA atlas project and are anticipated to have important implications for the sensitivity and precision of studies on older adults.

Keywords: Aging; Brain; Diffusion tensor imaging; High resolution; Multimodal; T(1)-weighted; Template.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Artifacts
  • Brain* / diagnostic imaging
  • Diffusion Tensor Imaging* / methods
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Neuroimaging