LipidSpace: Simple Exploration, Reanalysis, and Quality Control of Large-Scale Lipidomics Studies

Anal Chem. 2023 Oct 17;95(41):15236-15244. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.3c02449. Epub 2023 Oct 4.


Lipid analysis gained significant importance due to the enormous range of lipid functions, e.g., energy storage, signaling, or structural components. Whole lipidomes can be quantitatively studied in-depth thanks to recent analytical advancements. However, the systematic comparison of thousands of distinct lipidomes remains challenging. We introduce LipidSpace, a standalone tool for analyzing lipidomes by assessing their structural and quantitative differences. A graph-based comparison of lipid structures is the basis for calculating structural space models and subsequently computing lipidome similarities. When adding study variables such as body weight or health condition, LipidSpace can determine lipid subsets across all lipidomes that describe these study variables well by utilizing machine-learning approaches. The user-friendly GUI offers four built-in tutorials and interactive visual interfaces with pdf export. Many supported data formats allow an efficient (re)analysis of data sets from different sources. An integrated interactive workflow guides the user through the quality control steps. We used this suite to reanalyze and combine already published data sets (e.g., one with about 2500 samples and 576 lipids in one run) and made additional discoveries to the published conclusions with the potential to fill gaps in the current lipid biology understanding. LipidSpace is available for Windows or Linux (

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Lipidomics*
  • Lipids* / analysis


  • Lipids