[Extrapulmonary tuberculosis]

Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2023 Sep;148(19):1242-1249. doi: 10.1055/a-1937-8186. Epub 2023 Oct 4.
[Article in German]


Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) presents unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The site of involvement can vary widely, with common sites including the lymph nodes, pleura, skin, ear, nose and throat, genitourinary system, pericardium, gastrointestinal tract, bones and joints, and central nervous system. Clinical manifestations of extrapulmonary TB are diverse and often non-specific. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical suspicion, imaging, histopathology, and microbiology. Treatment of extrapulmonary TB generally follows similar principles to pulmonary TB, but the duration of treatment depends on the site of involvement and the extent of the disease. Increased awareness among healthcare providers is essential for the timely recognition and effective management of extrapulmonary TB cases.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Humans
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Tuberculosis* / diagnosis
  • Tuberculosis* / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis* / therapy
  • Tuberculosis, Extrapulmonary*
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary*