Laparoscopic partial splenectomy in a patient with splenic hemangioma after distal gastrectomy for a neuroendocrine tumor

Clin J Gastroenterol. 2024 Feb;17(1):29-33. doi: 10.1007/s12328-023-01868-w. Epub 2023 Oct 8.

Abstract

Herein, we report the case of a patient with splenic hemangioma after distal gastrectomy who was treated with laparoscopic partial splenectomy. A 64-year-old woman previously underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with regional lymph-node dissection for a gastric neuroendocrine tumor (G3) with venous infiltration and no lymph-node metastases. Periodic follow-up abdominal computed tomography revealed a well-defined, heterogeneous mass in the lower pole of the spleen 5 years after the operation, which grew from 12 to 19 mm 1 year later. A laparoscopic partial splenectomy was planned. During surgery, a smooth-surfaced mass with a lighter color than that of the surrounding area was observed at the lower pole of the spleen. The inferior polar branch of the splenic artery was transected, and the ischemic area of the lower pole of the spleen, where the tumor was present, was confirmed. First, the line used to perform splenic transection was determined using soft coagulation. The splenic parenchyma was then gradually transected using a vessel-sealing device system, and partial splenectomy was possible with almost no bleeding. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 8 without any complications. Pathological examination revealed a hemangioma without any malignant findings. Laparoscopic partial splenectomy is a safe and useful procedure that can be performed, considering the tumor size and location.

Keywords: Distal gastrectomy; Hemangioma; Laparoscopic partial splenectomy; Splenic tumor.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gastrectomy
  • Hemangioma* / diagnostic imaging
  • Hemangioma* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors* / surgery
  • Splenectomy / methods
  • Splenic Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Splenic Neoplasms* / surgery