Burn Injury Complications Impacting Rehabilitation

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2023 Nov;34(4):799-809. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2023.06.020. Epub 2023 Jul 28.


Successful post-burn rehabilitation requires an understanding of a wide range of complications to maximize functional recovery. This article reviews a range of potential challenges including burn scar contracture, amputation, peripheral nerve injury, heterotopic ossification, dysphagia, altered skin physiology, pain, and pruritis. The overall focus is to serve as a guide for post-injury therapy and rehabilitation spanning the phases of care and considering evidence-based approaches, prevention, and treatment with an ultimate goal of aiding in the functional recovery and long-term quality of life for burn survivors.

Keywords: Amputation; Burns; Contracture; Dysphagia; Heterotopic ossification; Peripheral nerve injury; Rehabilitation; Therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Contracture* / etiology
  • Contracture* / prevention & control
  • Contracture* / rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life*
  • Recovery of Function