Weight loss maintenance after a digital commercial behavior change program (Noom Weight): Observational cross-sectional survey study

Obes Sci Pract. 2023 Apr 5;9(5):443-451. doi: 10.1002/osp4.666. eCollection 2023 Oct.


Background: Behavioral weight loss programs often lead to significant short-term weight loss, but long-term weight maintenance remains a challenge. Most weight maintenance data come from clinical trials, in-person programs, or general population surveys, but there is a need for better understanding of long-term weight maintenance in real-world digital programs.

Methods: This observational survey study examined weight maintenance reported by individuals who had used Noom Weight, a digital commercial behavior change program, and identified factors associated with greater weight maintenance. The cross-sectional survey was completed by 840 individuals who had lost at least 10% of their body weight using Noom Weight 6-24 months prior.

Results: The study found that 75% of individuals maintained at least 5% weight loss after 1 year, and 49% maintained 10% weight loss. On average, 65% of initial weight loss was maintained after 1 year and 57% after 2 years. Habitual behaviors, such as healthy snacking and exercise, were associated with greater weight maintenance, while demographic factors were not.

Conclusion: This study provides real-world data on the long-term weight maintenance achieved using a fully digital behavioral program. The results suggest that Noom Weight is associated with successful weight maintenance in a substantial proportion of users. Future research will use a randomized controlled trial to track weight maintenance after random assignment and at a 2 year follow-up.

Keywords: digital health; mHealth; obesity; weight loss maintenance.