Turmeric and Curcumin-Health-Promoting Properties in Humans versus Dogs

Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Sep 26;24(19):14561. doi: 10.3390/ijms241914561.

Abstract

The growing popularity of the use of nutraceuticals in the prevention and alleviation of symptoms of many diseases in humans and dogs means that they are increasingly the subject of research. A representative of the nutraceutical that deserves special attention is turmeric. Turmeric belongs to the family Zingiberaceae and is grown extensively in Asia. It is a plant used as a spice and food coloring, and it is also used in traditional medicine. The biologically active factors that give turmeric its unusual properties and color are curcuminoids. It is a group of substances that includes curcumin, de-methoxycurcumin, and bis-demethoxycurcumin. Curcumin is used as a yellow-orange food coloring. The most important pro-health effects observed after taking curcuminoids include anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and antioxidant effects. The aim of this study was to characterize turmeric and its main substance, curcumin, in terms of their properties, advantages, and disadvantages, based on literature data.

Keywords: Curcuma longa L.; SARS-CoV-2; antioxidant potential; diferuloylmethane; diseases; pharmacological activities; rhizome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Curcuma
  • Curcumin* / pharmacology
  • Diarylheptanoids
  • Dogs
  • Food Coloring Agents*
  • Humans
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology

Substances

  • Curcumin
  • Food Coloring Agents
  • Diarylheptanoids
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Plant Extracts

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.