Muscle cell proliferation using water-soluble extract from nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 for sustainable cultured meat production

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2023 Nov 19:682:316-324. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2023.10.018. Epub 2023 Oct 4.


Muscle cell cultivation, specifically the culture of artificial meat from livestock-derived cells in serum-free media is an emerging technology and has attracted much attention. However, till now, the high cost of production and environmental load have been significant deterrents. This study aims to provide an alternate growth-promoting substance that is free from animal derivatives and lowers nitrogen pollution. We have extracted water-soluble compounds from the filamentous nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 by the ultrasonication method. The heat-inactivated and molecular weight separation experiments were conducted to identify the bioactive compound present in the extract. Finally, the compounds soluble in water (CW) containing the water-soluble pigment protein, phycocyanin as a bioactive compound, was added as a growth supplement to cultivate muscle cells such as C2C12 muscle cells and quail muscle clone 7 (QM7) cells to analyze the effectiveness of the extract. The results indicated that CW had a positive role in muscle cell proliferation. A three-dimensional (3-D) cell-dense structure was fabricated by culturing QM7 cells using the extract. Furthermore, the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterial extract has vast potential for cultured meat production without animal sera in the near future.

Keywords: Anabaena sp. PCC 7120; Cultured meat; Muscle cell proliferation; Phycocyanin; Serum-free culture; Three-dimensional cell-dense structure fabrication.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anabaena* / metabolism
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cyanobacteria* / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Muscles / metabolism
  • Nitrogen / metabolism


  • Nitrogen
  • Bacterial Proteins