Improved eutrophication model with flow velocity-influence function and application for algal bloom control in a reservoir in East China

J Environ Manage. 2023 Dec 15:348:119209. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.119209. Epub 2023 Oct 12.


Improving hydrodynamic conditions is considered an effective method for facilitating the eutrophication management. However, the effect of hydrodynamic conditions on algal growth has rarely been quantified. In this work, a eutrophication model was developed and flow velocity was introduced into the algae growth kinetic formula to simulate the dynamics of algae growth in a drinking water source reservoir in East China. Based on the previous research and model calibration, the flow velocity-influence function f(v) and its parameters were determined. Accordingly, the optimal flow velocity for the dominant algae growth and critical flow velocity for algal growth inhibition were presented to be 0.055 m/s and 0.200 m/s for the study reservoir. Modeled results considering f(v) agreed with better with observations and reproduced the algal overgrowth process more accurately. The spatial-temporal differences in chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentration distribution during the algal proliferation period were analyzed on the basis of simulation results, which corroborated the significant influence of flow velocity on algal growth. The established model was applied to investigate the effect of improvement in hydrodynamic conditions on algal bloom control in the reservoir, and the scenario simulation of the additional sluice was conducted. Results showed that the additional sluice operation inhibited algal overgrowth effectively, resulting in an average decrease of 24.8%, 3.3%, 43.0%, and 37.5% in modeled Chl a concentration upstream north, upstream south, midstream and downstream, respectively. The established model might serve as a practical tool for eutrophication management in the study reservoir and other water bodies with similar hydrological characteristics and geographical features.

Keywords: Algal bloom control; Algal growth; Eutrophication model; Hydrodynamic conditions.

MeSH terms

  • China
  • Chlorophyll A / analysis
  • Drinking Water*
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods
  • Eutrophication*
  • Phosphorus / analysis


  • Chlorophyll A
  • Drinking Water
  • Phosphorus