Introduction: The PAQosome is a 12-subunit complex that acts as a co-factor of the molecular chaperones HSP90 and HSP70. This co-chaperone has been shown to participate in assembly and maturation of several protein complexes, including nuclear RNA polymerases, RNA processing factors, the ribosome, PIKKs, and others. Subunits of the PAQosome, adaptors, and clients have been reported to be involved in various diseases, making them interesting targets for drug discovery.
Area covered: In this review, the authors cover the detailed mechanisms of PAQosome and chaperone function. Specifically, the authors summarize the status of the PAQosome and some related chaperones and co-chaperones as candidate targets for drug discovery. Indeed, a number of compounds are currently being tested for the development of treatments against diseases, such as cancers and neurodegenerative conditions.
Expert opinion: Searching for new drugs targeting the PAQosome requires a better understanding of PAQosome subunit interactions and the discovery of new interaction partners. Thus, PAQosome subunit crystallization is an important experiment to initiate virtual screening against new target and the development of in silico tools such as AlphaFold-multimer could accelerate the search for new interaction partner and determine more rapidly the interaction pocket needed for virtual drug screening.
Keywords: HSP90; PAQosome; Protein complex assembly; chaperones and co-chaperones; drug targets; proteostasis.