Multicentric Osteolysis Nodulosis Arthropathy Syndrome Simulating Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in an Adult Female: A Case Report and a Literature Review

Cureus. 2023 Sep 13;15(9):e45152. doi: 10.7759/cureus.45152. eCollection 2023 Sep.


Multicentric osteolysis, nodulosis, and arthropathy (MONA) syndrome is one of the rare genetic skeletal dysplasias, inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder, which predominantly involves carpal and tarsal bones with characteristic osteolytic lesions and can be misdiagnosed as juvenile idiopathic arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. MONA syndrome includes diseases involving two genes: the matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) gene and matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14). Both genes are assumed to cause phenotype variants of the same disease. Older patients may manifest some arthritic features, especially in the wrist, and minute pathological fractures can occur as well. These patients may be misdiagnosed as inflammatory arthritis and physicians might prescribe corticosteroid and disease-modifying immunosuppressive agents. Therefore, physicians should carefully evaluate genetic skeletal dysplasia to make a correct diagnosis and avoid unnecessary pharmacological intervention. We report a case of MONA syndrome in an adult female who came to our facility for an intensive rehabilitation program.

Keywords: autosomal recessive; juvenile idiopathic arthritis; matrix metalloproteinases; multicentric osteolysis nodulosis arthropathy; online mendelian inheritance in man (omim); skeletal dysplasia; torg syndrome; winchester syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports