Effect of open versus video-assisted thoracoscopy on perioperative outcomes and survival for cases of thymic carcinomas and thymic neuroendocrine tumors

World J Surg Oncol. 2023 Oct 16;21(1):329. doi: 10.1186/s12957-023-03210-7.


Background: The oncology-related indices between open and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) procedures for thymic carcinomas (TCs) and thymic neuroendocrine tumors (TNETs) remain unclear.

Methods: Propensity score matching (PSM) and multivariate Cox proportional risk models were used to evaluate the perioperative outcomes and survival rates of patients undergoing open and VATS for TCs and TNETs at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University Hospital, between 2009 and 2018.

Results: Of the total 126 cases of TCs and TNETs, VATS treatment was used in 39 (30.9%). Advanced age and Masaoka-Koga staging were found to be independent prognostic factors for both TCs and TNETs, through a multifactorial Cox regression analysis. There was no significant difference in survival between the VATS and open groups before and after PSM; however, the VATS group had better perioperative-related indicators. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of mortality at 30 days, mortality at 90 days, R0 resection rate, and 5-year survival rate (67.5% vs. 58.5% [P = 0.260] in the VATS group compared to the open group, in a PSM analysis of the 27 VATS and 27 open groups). Compared to the open group, the VATS group had a shorter length of hospital stay (13 days vs. 16 days, P = 0.015), a shorter level I care (0 days vs. 1 day, P = 0.016), and less intraoperative bleeding (50 mL vs. 300 mL, P < 0.001).

Conclusions: In this single-center retrospective study of TCs and TNETs, survival rates were comparable between the VATS group and the open group, and the VATS group showed improved perioperative-related parameters.

Keywords: Open chest; Perioperative indicators; Survival; Thymic carcinomas; Thymic neuroendocrine tumors; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors* / surgery
  • Pneumonectomy / adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / methods
  • Thymoma* / pathology
  • Thymus Neoplasms* / pathology