PTPRC Inhibits Ferroptosis of Osteosarcoma Cells via Blocking TFEB/FTH1 Signaling

Mol Biotechnol. 2023 Oct 18. doi: 10.1007/s12033-023-00914-9. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type C (PTPRC) is reported to function as an oncogenic role in various cancer. However, the studies on the roles of PTPRC in osteosarcoma (OS) are limited. This study aimed to explore the potentials of PTPRC in OS. mRNA levels were detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Protein expression was detected by western blot. Lysosome biogenesis was determined using immunofluorescence. The binding sites of transcription factor EB (TFEB) on the promoter of ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1) were predicted by the online dataset JASPAR and confirmed by luciferase and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. Cell death was determined using propidium iodide (PI) and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining. The results showed that PTPRC was significantly overexpressed in OS tissues and cells. PTPRC knockdown promoted the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of TFEB. Moreover, PTPRC knockdown markedly promoted lysosome biogenesis and the accumulation of ferrous ion (Fe2+), whereas decreased the release of glutathione (GSH). Besides, PTPRC knockdown significantly promoted autophagy and downregulated mRNA expression of FTH1 and ferritin light chain (FTL). Additionally, TFEB transcriptionally inactivated FTH1. PTPRC knockdown significantly promoted the ferroptosis of OS cells, which was markedly alleviated by TFEB shRNA. Taken together, PTPRC knockdown-mediated TFEB phosphorylation and translocation dramatically promoted lysosome biogenesis, ferritinophagy, as well as the ferroptosis of OS cells via regulating FTH1/FTL signaling. Therefore, PTPRC/TFEB/FTH1 signaling may be a potential target for OS.

Keywords: Ferritinophagy; Ferroptosis; Lysosome biogenesis; Osteosarcoma; PTPRC.