Black Adolescent Females' Perceptions of PrEP for HIV Risk Reduction

J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2023 Jan-Dec:22:23259582231206934. doi: 10.1177/23259582231206934.


Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention is approved for use in adolescents, though uptake remains low. Black adolescent females experience higher rates of HIV transmission compared to adolescent females of other racial/ethnic groups. Increasing PrEP awareness and education among this population may be an effective strategy to mitigate disparities in HIV transmission among Black adolescent females. Twenty-seven Black adolescent females participated in focus groups which were coded using the constant comparative method of qualitative analysis to identify major themes: (1) PrEP is not commonly framed as an HIV prevention strategy for heterosexual Black adolescent females, (2) PrEP use among peers is perceived as mostly positive, (3) Adoption of PrEP among Black adolescent females is impeded by perceived barriers such as stigma, negative side effects, and adherence concerns. These findings may inform the development of targeted culturally tailored marketing and educational campaigns centered on Black heterosexual adolescent females to increase PrEP awareness and uptake in this population disproportionately affected by HIV.

Keywords: Black; adolescent; focus group; human immunodeficiency virus; preexposure prophylaxis; prevention; qualitative.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anti-HIV Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Black People
  • Female
  • HIV
  • HIV Infections* / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections* / prevention & control
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis* / methods
  • Risk Reduction Behavior


  • Anti-HIV Agents