Performance Characteristics of a New-Generation Digital Bismuth Germanium Oxide PET/CT System, Omni Legend 32, According to NEMA NU 2-2018 Standards

J Nucl Med. 2023 Dec 1;64(12):1990-1997. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.123.266140.


The Omni Legend 32 PET/CT system features silicon photomultiplier (SiPM)-based detectors with bismuth germanium oxide crystals and a 32-cm axial field of view (FOV). The present study aimed to determine the performance characteristics of the Omni Legend 32 PET/CT system according to National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU 2-2018 standards. Methods: The PET component of this system comprises 22 detector modules; each module contains 24 detector blocks with 72 bismuth germanium oxide crystals with a volume of 4.1 × 4.1 × 30 mm coupled to 18 SiPM devices with a 6 × 6 mm area, resulting in an axial FOV of 32 cm. The spatial resolution, sensitivity, count rate performance, and image quality delivered by PET were evaluated using the NEMA NU 2-2018 standard. PET images of 2 patients were evaluated to get a visual first impression of the Omni Legend 32 PET/CT system together with Precision DL. Results: The average spatial resolution at 1, 10, and 20 cm from the central axis was 4.3, 5.3, and 6.2 mm, respectively, for filtered backprojection and 3.7, 4.3, and 5.1 mm, respectively, for ordered-subset expectation maximization. The NEMA sensitivity was 47.30 and 47.05 cps/kBq at the axial center of the FOV and at a 10-cm radial offset, respectively. The scatter fraction, count rate accuracy, and peak noise-equivalent count rates were 35.4%, 1.7%, and 501.7 kcps, respectively, at 15.7 kBq/mL. Contrast recovery for the NEMA body phantom from the smallest to the largest sphere ranged from 61.3% to 93.0%, with a background variability of 5.4%-11.7% and a lung error of 5.1% for Q.Clear (β-value, 50). Good patient image quality was obtained with the Omni Legend 32. Conclusion: The Omni Legend 32 has class-leading sensitivity and count rates within the category of whole-body PET systems while maintaining spatial resolution broadly comparable to that of other current SiPM-based PET/CT systems. This combination of properties results in a very good image quality.

Keywords: NEMA; Omni Legend; PET/CT; SiPM; performance evaluation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography*
  • Positron-Emission Tomography* / methods
  • Reference Standards


  • bismuth germanium oxide