Application of microfluidic technologies in forensic analysis

Electrophoresis. 2023 Nov;44(21-22):1725-1743. doi: 10.1002/elps.202200268. Epub 2023 Oct 19.


The application of microfluidic technology in forensic medicine has steadily expanded over the last two decades due to the favorable features of low cost, rapidity, high throughput, user-friendliness, contamination-free, and minimum sample and reagent consumption. In this context, bibliometric methods were adopted to visualize the literature information contained in the Science Citation Index Expanded from 1989 to 2022, focusing on the co-occurrence analysis of forensic and microfluidic topics. A deep interpretation of the literature was conducted based on co-occurrence results, in which microfluidic technologies and their applications in forensic medicine, particularly forensic genetics, were elaborated. The purpose of this review is to provide an impartial evaluation of the utilization of microfluidic technology in forensic medicine. Additionally, the challenges and future trends of implementing microfluidic technology in forensic genetics are also addressed.

Keywords: forensic genetics; forensic medicine; microfluidic; µTAS.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Forensic Medicine* / methods
  • Microfluidics*