Bilateral Knee Osteoarthritis Treated With Medial Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy Using Two Types of β-Tricalcium Phosphate With Differing Placements in Each Knee: A Report of Two Cases

Cureus. 2023 Sep 17;15(9):e45427. doi: 10.7759/cureus.45427. eCollection 2023 Sep.


In medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) for knee osteoarthritis, synthetic bone is commonly used as a replacement material for the opening gap. Unidirectional porous β-tricalcium phosphate (UDPTCP) and spherical porous β-tricalcium phosphate (SPTCP) have been widely used in this regard. In general, the two prostheses are placed parallel to the osteotomy opening gap. In this report, we discuss two cases involving a 63-year-old woman and a 51-year-old man who underwent MOWHTO for bilateral knee osteoarthritis. Both patients had experienced bilateral knee pain. In both patients, UDPTCP was placed anteriorly and SPTCP was placed posteriorly in one knee, with the placement reversed in the other knee. The remodeling of each type of β-TCP was evaluated using CT immediately after the surgery and one year postoperatively. The postoperative corrective loss and clinical outcomes were also evaluated. Remodeling with β-TCP was found to be faster with UDPTCP than with SPTCP, even though the anteroposterior placement differed laterally in each patient. Furthermore, there was no correction loss, and the clinical outcomes were comparable, regardless of the placement of β-TCP.

Keywords: bone remodeling; knee osteoarthritis; opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy; spherical porous β-tricalcium phosphate; unidirectional porous β-tricalcium phosphate.

Publication types

  • Case Reports