Effects of oxytocin on the hair growth ability of dermal papilla cells

Sci Rep. 2023 Oct 20;13(1):15587. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-40521-x.

Abstract

Oxytocin (OXT) is a neuropeptide hormone termed "love hormone" produced and released during childbirth and lactation. It is also produced in response to skin stimulation (e.g., during hugging and massaging) and music therapy. The effects of OXT on various organs have been revealed in recent years; however, the relationship between hair follicles and OXT remains unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of OXT on dermal papilla (DP) cells that control hair growth by secreting growth/regression signals. Gene expression analysis revealed that DP signature markers were significantly upregulated in DP cells treated with OXT. In addition, we tested the hair growth-promoting effects of OXT using in vitro hair follicle organoids. OXT promoted the growth of hair peg-like sprouting by upregulating the expression of growth-promoting factors, including genes encoding vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA). This study highlights the positive effects of OXT in hair follicles and may assist in the development of new treatments for alopecia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dermis* / metabolism
  • Female
  • Hair
  • Hair Follicle / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Oxytocin* / metabolism
  • Oxytocin* / pharmacology
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism

Substances

  • Oxytocin
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A