Enhanced removal of organic dyes from aqueous solutions by new magnetic HKUST-1: facile strategy for synthesis

Sci Rep. 2023 Oct 20;13(1):17981. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-45075-6.

Abstract

A novel, magnetic HKUST-1 MOF based on MgFe2O4-NH2 was designed and synthesized in two steps and applied effective removal of malachite green (MG), crystal violet (CV), and methylene blue (MB) from water samples. Characterization of the newly synthesized MgFe2O4-NH2-HKUST-1 was performed by various techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Field emission scanning electron microscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, Thermal gravimetric analysis, and Vibration sampling magnetometry. Malachite green, crystal violet and methylene blue are toxic and mutagenic dyes that can be released into the water in different ways and cause many problems for human health and the environment. The removal of malachite green, crystal violet, and methylene blue from aqueous solutions was investigated using the magnetic HKUST-1 in this research. The effect of various parameters such as pH, amount of sorbent, dye concentration, temperature, and contact time on dye removal has been studied. The results showed that more than 75% of dyes were removed within 5 min. Adsorption isotherms, Kinetic, and thermodynamic studies were investigated. The results of this study show that adsorption capacity of the magnetic adsorbent is equal to 108.69 mg g-1 for MG, 70.42 mg g-1 for CV, and 156.25 mg g-1 for MB. This study shows the good strategy for the synthesis of the functionalized magnetic form of HKUST-1 and its capability for increasing the efficiency of the removal process of malachite green, crystal violet, and methylene blue from an aqueous solution.