Background: Aesthetic minimally invasive procedures have become very popular and culturally acceptable among Middle Eastern populations. Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNTA) is a valuable treatment modality for many cosmetic as well as therapeutic indications. The presence of BoNTA in our toolkit has revolutionized the field of aesthetic medicine to the point where it is now one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures worldwide. This consensus considers popular on- and off-label BoNTA indications in the Middle East.
Methods: A multinational group of ten key opinion leaders, experts in facial plastic surgery and dermatology, convened the Middle East Aesthetics Consensus Group and reviewed the aesthetic applications of BoNTA. Recommendations and position statements were drafted based on the integration of the panel's clinical experience with published data, targeted to the practices implemented in the Middle Eastern and the global population.
Results: Guidance statements are presented covering Middle Eastern facial characteristics and beauty ideals, BoNTA characteristics, pre-operative counselling, treatment indications and anatomical considerations, off-label and special uses including high-dose recommendations, and post-treatment advice. Throughout, an evidence-based approach to selection of products and injection techniques is provided, supplemented by the experts' advice on injections dosages and placement.
Conclusion: This consensus reflects the knowledge and expertise of physicians practicing in the Middle East. The panel acknowledged the use of on-label indications and variability in the toxin formulations and immunogenicity and agreed upon a wide use of "off-label" indications.
Keywords: Middle East; aesthetic use; botulinum neurotoxin type A; consensus.
© 2023 Ali et al.