Medical Treatment for Androgenetic Alopecia

Facial Plast Surg. 2024 Apr;40(2):252-266. doi: 10.1055/a-2196-4713. Epub 2023 Oct 23.


Androgenetic alopecia is a common type of hair loss, which is generally influenced by genetic factors and systemic androgens resulting in follicular miniaturization.1 It can cause cosmetic problems leading to psychological distress among affected men and women. Effective standard medical treatments available are topical minoxidil 2 to 5%, oral finasteride, oral dutasteride, and hair transplantation.1 However, some patients do not achieve favorable results with standard treatments. For these reasons, other novel treatments have been developed, including new medications, regenerative medicines (autologous platelet-rich plasma, adipose-derived stem cells, micrograft generation, and exosome), and low-level laser therapy.

MeSH terms

  • Alopecia / drug therapy
  • Female
  • Finasteride / adverse effects
  • Finasteride / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Low-Level Light Therapy*
  • Male
  • Minoxidil / adverse effects
  • Minoxidil / therapeutic use
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Finasteride
  • Minoxidil