Persistently elevated alkaline phosphatase without hepatopathy?: literature review

Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2023 Oct 26. doi: 10.17235/reed.2023.9972/2023. Online ahead of print.


Elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels are found in multiple hepatobiliary diseases and in bone diseases. ALP can also originate in the intestine and placenta. Very few cases of persistent elevations of IALP or in the context of benign familial intestinal hyperphosphatasemia (BFIH) without underlying pathology have been reported in the literature. In the evaluation of elevated ALP, most patients will not require determination of its isoenzymes. However, it is important to be aware of this entity to avoid unnecessary additional studies and to establish the diagnosis of a persistent but benign biochemical abnormality.