Chemical composition of the essential oils of three taxa of Cytisus growing wild in Sicily, Italy

Nat Prod Res. 2023 Oct 26:1-8. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2023.2273917. Online ahead of print.


The genus Cytisus is native Canary Islands, Europe to Mediterranean, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia and several species of the genus are used in folk medicine of different countries. In this work the chemical composition of the essential oils from the aerial parts of three taxa of this genus growing wild in Sicily, Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link, C. villosus Pourr. and C. aeolicus Guss., has been investigated. No one report has been published on the Sicilian accession of the former two species, and, at the best of our knowledge, C. aeolicus is devoid of any chemical investigation. Cytisus scoparius and C. aeolicus essential oils have similar composition characterised by the occurrence of almost the same amount of compounds belonging to "other" class (59.5-52.0%) and carbonyl compounds (22.2-19.6%). Cytisus villosus showed a different composition with hydrocarbons as the main class (52.0%), totally absent in the other two species.

Keywords: 1-octen-3-ol; 2-pentylfuran; Cytisus aeolicus guss.; Cytisus scoparius (L.) link; Cytisus villosus pourr.; essential oils; fabaceae.