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Case Reports
, 25 (3), 413-27

New Multiple Congenital Anomalies/Mental Retardation Syndrome With Cardio-Facio-Cutaneous Involvement--The CFC Syndrome

Case Reports

New Multiple Congenital Anomalies/Mental Retardation Syndrome With Cardio-Facio-Cutaneous Involvement--The CFC Syndrome

J F Reynolds et al. Am J Med Genet.

Abstract

Eight patients (4 males, 4 females) were affected with a previously undefined multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome which was designated the Cardio-Facio-Cutaneous (CFC) syndrome and which includes congenital heart defects, characteristic facial appearance, ectodermal abnormalities, and growth failure. Cardiac defects were variable, the most common being pulmonic stenosis and atrial septal defect. Typical facial characteristics were high forehead with bitemporal constriction, hypoplasia of supraorbital ridges, antimongoloid slant of palpebral fissures, depressed bridge of nose, and posteriorly angulated ears with prominent helices. The hair was usually sparse and friable. Skin changes varied from patchy hyperkeratosis to a severe generalized ichthyosis-like condition. All cases were sporadic in occurrence, there was no family history of consanguinity, and chromosomes were normal. Although presumed to be genetic, the cause of the CFC syndrome remains unknown.

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