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, 9 (3), 336-41

Measurement of Immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG, and IgA Antibodies Against Yersinia Enterocolitica by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: Persistence of Serum Antibodies During Disease

Measurement of Immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG, and IgA Antibodies Against Yersinia Enterocolitica by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: Persistence of Serum Antibodies During Disease

K Granfors. J Clin Microbiol.

Abstract

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection and quantitation of human immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG, and IgA antibodies against Yersinia enterocolitica is described. Formalinized or heat-treated bacteria were adsorbed onto specially designed microcuvettes, and antibodies were allowed to attach to the antigen-coated cuvettes. Rabbit anti-human mu, anti-human gamma, and anti-human alpha antisera were allowed to react with human antibodies, and these class-specific anti-immunoglobulins were detected by alkaline phosphatase-labeled swine anti-rabbit IgG. A total of 423 sera were tested. The results obtained with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were compared with the results of the conventional tube agglutination test. Persistence of different antibodies was studied in six patients. Antibodies of the IgM class persisted only for 1 to 3 months after onset of the disease; thus the occurence of IgM-class Yersinia antibodies in a single sample indicates a recently acquired infection. The persistence of the IgG- and IgA-class antibodies was variable and not parallel with each other. Remarkably, all three patients in which the disease was complicated with arthritis had IgA-class Yersinia antibodies at the end of the follow-up period of 9 to 14 months, and in those without arthritis the IgA-class antibodies disappeared within 3 months after onset of the disease.

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