Recent Research Trends in Stem Cells Using CRISPR/Cas-Based Genome Editing Methods

Int J Stem Cells. 2024 Feb 28;17(1):1-14. doi: 10.15283/ijsc23030. Epub 2023 Oct 31.


The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) system, a rapidly advancing genome editing technology, allows DNA alterations into the genome of organisms. Gene editing using the CRISPR system enables more precise and diverse editing, such as single nucleotide conversion, precise knock-in of target sequences or genes, chromosomal rearrangement, or gene disruption by simple cutting. Moreover, CRISPR systems comprising transcriptional activators/repressors can be used for epigenetic regulation without DNA damage. Stem cell DNA engineering based on gene editing tools has enormous potential to provide clues regarding the pathogenesis of diseases and to study the mechanisms and treatments of incurable diseases. Here, we review the latest trends in stem cell research using various CRISPR/Cas technologies and discuss their future prospects in treating various diseases.

Keywords: Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats; Genome editing; Stem cell; Transcriptional regulator.

Publication types

  • Review