Preparation and properties of porcine relaxin derivatives shortened at the amino terminus of the A chain

Biochemistry. 1986 Oct 7;25(20):5998-6004. doi: 10.1021/bi00368a025.


Porcine relaxins shortened at the N terminus of the A chain were produced after protection of all amino groups with the base-labile [[(methylsulfonyl)ethyl]oxy]carbonyl (Msc) protecting group. The first two amino acids were removed by cyanogen bromide digestion whereby simultaneously a free alpha-amino group was generated in position A3. The resulting des-ArgA1,MetA2-N epsilon A7,N epsilon A16,N epsilon B8-tris [[[(methylsulfonyl)ethyl]oxy]carbonyl]relaxin. was further shortened by preparative Edman degradation. The shortest derivative obtained was des-ArgA1,MetA2,ThrA3,LeuA4,SerA5,GluA6 -N epsilon A7,N epsilon A16,N epsilon B8-tris[[[(methylsulfonyl)ethyl]oxy]carbonyl]relaxin. The deprotection of the derivatives in alkaline media resulted in crude des-A(1-2)- to des-A(1-6)-relaxins, which were subsequently purified by gel filtration on Sephadex G-50 superfine followed by either ion exchange chromatography on CM-cellulose at pH 5.1 or high-performance liquid chromatography on reversed-phase columns. During the CNBr digest, a side product was isolated that was identified as the corresponding homoserine ( [HseA2]relaxin) derivative. Shortened relaxin derivatives and [HseA2]relaxin were characterized by reversed-phase chromatography, electrophoresis, end-group determination, and amino acid composition. Circular dichroism studies revealed a distinct change in the structure of relaxins that were shortened by three and more amino acid residues. In the mouse interpubic ligament assay, des-A(1-2)-relaxin and [HseA2]relaxin were fully biologically active while the bioactivity of des-A(1-3)-relaxin dropped to about 50%. Relaxins shortened by four and more amino acid residues were biologically inactive.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Circular Dichroism
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Protein Conformation
  • Relaxin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Relaxin / chemical synthesis
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Swine


  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Relaxin