Effects of Comano Spring Water-derived Bacterial Lysates on Skin Regeneration: An Ex-vivo Study

In Vivo. 2023 Nov-Dec;37(6):2498-2509. doi: 10.21873/invivo.13357.


Background/aim: A native non-pathogenic bacterial microflora was identified in Comano (TN, Italy) spring water. The aim of this study was to investigate the regenerative effects of some of the bacterial lysates extracted from this water in a human ex-vivo skin experimental wound model.

Materials and methods: Bacterial lysates were extracted from four new isolates: lysate 1 (L1) - closest relative Rudaea cellulosilytica, phylum Proteobacteria; lysate 2 (L2) - closest relative Mesorhizobium erdmanii, phylum Proteobacteria; lysate 3 (L3) - closest relative Herbiconiux ginseng, phylum Actinobacteria; lysate 4 (L4) - closest relative Fictibacillus phosphorivorans, phylum Firmicutes. Their regenerative effects were investigated in a human ex-vivo skin experimental wound healing model at 3 (T1), 5 (T2), and 10 days (T3).

Results: The samples cultured with the L2 lysate displayed both an earlier and complete restoration of all the skin layers and their features were the closest to the normal skin. The regenerated epidermis demonstrated a complete maturation as the normal epidermis. The papillary dermis appeared mature, and the reticular dermis displayed both collagen and elastic fibres regularly parallel to the skin surface. An anti-inflammatory effect was displayed by the L1 lysate, but this action did not constitute a regenerative effect, suggesting that pathways for inflammation and regeneration might be different.

Conclusion: The therapeutic power of spring waters is not exclusively related to their mineral composition, but it may also be attributable to their native non-pathogenic bacterial microflora.

Keywords: Regeneration; ex-vivo; microbiota; skin culture; skin models; spring water.

MeSH terms

  • Bacteria
  • Humans
  • Regeneration
  • Skin* / pathology
  • Water*
  • Wound Healing


  • Broncho-Vaxom
  • Water