Clarifying the Temporal Dynamics of the Circadian Clock and Flowering Gene Network Using Overexpression and Targeted Mutagenesis of Soybean EARLY FLOWERING 3-1 ( GmELF3-1 )

MicroPubl Biol. 2023 Oct 15:2023:10.17912/micropub.biology.000935. doi: 10.17912/micropub.biology.000935. eCollection 2023.


With progressing climate fluctuations, an understanding of the molecular mechanisms of crop plants that regulate their flowering responses to environments is crucial. To achieve this goal, we aimed at clarifying the gene regulatory networks among the circadian clock and flowering genes in soybean ( Glycine max ). Based on our network inference approach , we hypothesize that GmELF3-1 , one of the Evening Complex (EC) gene homologs in soybean's circadian clock, may have an integrative role in transcriptional regulation of the circadian clock and flowering gene network. In this study, we verify GmELF3-1 ' s regulatory roles in its potential downstream genes by modulating the activity of GmELF3-1 using overexpression and CRISPR-Cas9 in soybean protoplasts. Our results indicate that GmELF3-1 may control the expression of the PRR genes in the circadian clock and the flowering gene GmCOL1a .