Chemical contaminant exposures assessed using silicone wristbands among fuel station attendants, taxi drivers and commercial motorcycle riders in Kampala, Uganda

Arch Environ Occup Health. 2023;78(7-8):401-411. doi: 10.1080/19338244.2023.2275144. Epub 2023 Dec 7.


There are concerns over traffic-related air pollution in Uganda's capital, Kampala. Individuals in the transportation sector are hypothesized to be at greater risk for exposure to volatile organic compounds, given their proximity to vehicle exhaust. Silicone wristbands are a wearable technology that passively sample individuals' chemical exposures. We conducted a pilot cross sectional study to measure personal exposures to volatile organic compounds among 14 transportation workers who wore a wristband for five days. We analyzed for 75 volatile organic compounds; 33 chemicals (35%) were detected and quantified in at least 50% of the samples and 15 (16%) chemicals were detected and quantified across all the samples. Specific chemicals were associated with participants' occupation. The findings can guide future large studies to inform policy and practice to reduce exposure to chemicals in the environment in Kampala.

Keywords: Chemical contaminant; Uganda; commercial motorcycle riders; exposure assessment; fuel station attendants; silicone wristband; taxi drivers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Humans
  • Motorcycles
  • Silicones*
  • Uganda
  • Volatile Organic Compounds*


  • Silicones
  • Volatile Organic Compounds