Prospective Clinical Prognostication of Endometrial Carcinomas Based on Next-Generation Sequencing and Immunohistochemistry-Real-World Implementation and Results at a Tertiary Care Center

Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2023 Oct 4. doi: 10.1097/PGP.0000000000000994. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Based on findings from The Cancer Genome Atlas and the Proactive Molecular Risk Classifier for Endometrial Cancer algorithm, endometrial carcinoma can now be stratified into 4 prognostically distinct subgroups based on molecular alterations and immunohistochemical (IHC) aberrations. In this study, we describe the de novo adoption and clinical reporting of prognostic subgroup classification based on next-generation sequencing (NGS) and IHC analyses of all endometrial carcinoma resections at a single institution, framed by the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, and Sustainment model. Results from the first 13 months show 188 tumors underwent analysis by a combination of IHC and a medium-sized (56 analyzed genes) NGS-based assay. All cases were assigned as either POLE (POLE-mutated) (5.3%), mismatch repair deficient (27.7%), no specific molecular profile (45.7%), or p53 abnormal (21.3%) inclusive of multiple-classifier cases. NGS-based analysis revealed additional distinctions among the subgroups, including reduced levels of PI3K pathway activation in the p53 abnormal subgroup, an increased rate of CTNNB1 activating mutation in the no specific molecular profile subgroup, and lower TP53 mutation variant allele frequencies in POLE and mismatch repair deficient subgroups compared with the p53 abnormal subgroup. Overall, we describe the testing protocol, reporting, and results of a combination of NGS and IHC to prospectively prognosticate endometrial carcinomas at a single tertiary care center.